KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION AMONG POPULATION OF RANCHI FOR REPLACEMENT OF MISSING TOOTH WITH DENTAL IMPLANT : A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY
Author Name: Dr. Manish Goutam, Dr. Madhvi Singh Dr. Ashesh Gautam, Dr. Trilok Sahu
Abstract: Introduction: Dental Implant is a successful treatment modality for replacing single tooth or multiple teeth. It also prevent the natural teeth contrary to fixed partial denture therapy. Comfort level is high in implant and also gives better aesthetic results. Despite its advantages it is not a very common treatment modality. So this study was conducted to evaluate the awareness among population of Ranchi for dental implants. Aims: The aim of the study was to assess the awareness of the patients regarding implant-retained prosthesis as an option for tooth replacement and the knowledge about tooth replacement as a whole including source of information and attitude towards it amongst Ranchi population. Materials and Methods: A survey was conducted printed questionnaire with multiple questions to evaluate awareness of dental implant therapy among population of Ranchi in 2016 (Jan to March). A random sampling method with convenient sample size was used. Questionnaire was prepared both in English and Hindi to facilitate completion and to get better understanding of the questions by the respondents. The questionnaire was handed to the head of hospital and dental clinics based in Ranchi and the response was recorded from the regular visitor having dental problems. Results: Amongst the 1352 response retrieved, 27% of respondents felt moderately well informed about the dental implant treatment. Only 9% of the respondents had dental implant treatment before and17% felt well informed about different alternatives of replacing missing teeth. The dentists were the main source of information regarding dental implant treatment modality followed by friends and electronic media. 55.6% respondents felt implant to be as good as own teeth during function whereas high cost was the major limiting factor for implant treatment. Conclusion: Awareness about the implant treatment option available as mode of replacement of missing teeth is low. Extensive awareness programme is needed to be done to increase the awareness among people. Dentists share the most important part in making people aware about implants.
Abstract: Reliable bonding between resin composite cements and high strength ceramics is difficult to achieve because of their chemical inertness and lack of silica content that makes etching impossible. The purpose of this review is to classify and analyze the existing methods and materials suggested to improve the adhesion of zirconia to dental substrate by using composite resins, in order to explore current trends in surface conditioning methods with predictable results.
Keywords: Bonding, Ceramic, Material, Zirconia
MOLAR INCISOR HYPOMINERALISATION - A LITERATURE REVIEW
Abstract: Molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) is a common developmental dental condition that presents in childhood. This defect usually involves one to four permanent first molars and permanent incisors. The affected teeth are more prone to caries and post-eruptive enamel breakdown, therefore, it is believed that this condition might be responsible for a substantial proportion of childhood caries since the condition has high prevalence. However, the possibility of a genetic component in the development of MIH cannot be excluded. Management of MIH always pose a big problem to the clinicians, as well as for the child due to severe sensitivity caused by the defective enamel.
Author Name: Dr Shyma P, Dr Josey Mathew, Dr Liza George Dr Saumya G Nair
Abstract: The oral cavity is prone to a variety of diseases starting from simple tooth decay to life-threatening carcinomas. Injudicious use of ionizing radiation may increase the exposure of a patient and this has been overcome with the use of magnetic resonance imaging. For the better evaluation of dental pathosis, there is a need for noninvasive and accurate diagnostic methods in clinical dentistry. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)technique, called Sweep Imaging with Fourier Transform(SWIFT), is used to visualize soft tissue and hard tissue imaging. The state of art, sweep imaging with Fourier transform is fast, quiet, and identifies issues with ultra-short relaxation times.
DENTIFRICES: ITS COMPOSITION, FORMS AND FUNCTION - A LITERATURE REVIEW
Abstract: Due to extended knowledge of the dental caries process, its prevention has been greatly advanced over the past fifty years, it is fair to state that the management of this disease at the level of the individual patient remains largely empirical. Recent innovations in oral care products have been directed toward making cosmetic marketing claims. There continues to be a need for innovation and collaboration with other scientific disciplines to fully understand and prevent dental caries.
Abstract: The aim of this article is to discuss the etiology, incidence, anatomic features, classification, diagnosis and management of the C-shaped canal configuration along with some case presentations. C-shaped canal configuration is a variation that has a racial predilection and is commonly seen in mandibular second molars. The intricacies present in this variation of canal morphology can pose a challenge to the clinician during negotiation, debridement and obturation.
Keywords: C-shaped canals, mandibular second molar,
mandibular first premolar, root canal morphology
ENDODONTIC RETREATMENT OF C-SHAPED AND RADIX ENTOMOLARIS ANATOMIC VARIATIONS IN MANDIBULAR MOLARS: TWO CASE REPORTS
Author Name: Dr. Jojo Kottoor, Dr. Abijith Raghav, Dr. Athira P, Dr. Mehnu Zain Muneer, Dr. Mohammed Sagir
Abstract: Endodontic success depends on multiple factors. The
tooth position, morphology, anatomic variations, clinical
skills, and expertise along with equipment and materials
used, all contribute to clinical success. This article describes
in detail non-surgical retreatment of two anatomic
variations in mandibular molars that were failing because
of persistent periapical disease, due to previous
misdiagnosis and inadequate endodontics.